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- The Anatomy of a Cyber Security Framework
- Fundamentals of Implementing Security Frameworks
- Control Policies
- Program Policies
- Risk Policies
- How to implement a Cyber Security Framework
- The action plan's implementation is not the end of the process.
Reading time: ~4 minutes
A framework refers to a set of suggested practices, benchmark standards, and granular rules. These frameworks aim to reduce the real-world hazards associated with different types of business risks. Data breaches can be reduced by utilizing cybersecurity frameworks, which are similar to those used by organizations to protect their data and systems. By providing a structure for certain functions, these frameworks assist employees in fulfilling their daily responsibilities.
Comprehensive cyber security frameworks address all seven layers of the OSI model. Sepiocyber.com, for example, specializes in improving the visibility and control of organizational hardware assets at the layer one, physical level. Recognizing all devices for what they truly are is crucial to defining and monitoring the organization’s edge devices.
The Anatomy of a Cyber Security Framework
The concept of cyber security frameworks deals with the issue of protecting digital assets from a framework perspective. Despite complex environments, the framework provides security managers with a dependable, methodical approach to mitigating cyber risks. In order to comply with state, industry, and international cybersecurity legislation, businesses are frequently required to establish cybersecurity frameworks. For example, a company must pass an audit verifying compliance with Payment Card Industry Data Security Standards (PCI DSS) if it processes credit card payments.
Fundamentals of Implementing Security Frameworks
When planning to implement a cyber security framework, some universal dimensions need to be considered first.
- Control policies
- Program policies
- Risk policies
Cybersecurity policies are available to CISOs and compliance officers to protect their organizations from cyberattacks and data breaches. Policies outline how security controls will be implemented in control frameworks.
By implementing preventive controls, your risk management team will be able to identify potential vulnerabilities in your information systems before a cyber incident occurs.
As opposed to detective controls, detective controls alert you when a data breach is in progress, allowing your cybersecurity professionals to limit the damage. As a final step, backups are used to limit data loss and damage to your information systems after a cyber security incident and to restore your information systems as quickly as possible.
This dimension of common frameworks deals with the execution and measurement of the organization’s ability to adhere to the Cyber Security framework that they have implemented.
After building a comprehensive, policy-based security program, it should be analyzed for its effectiveness regularly. The organization should also regularly measure its framework against external frameworks to improve the maturity of its framework and, by extension, the whole cyber security program.
The key part of cyber security policies is for organizations to define how they will assess and manage security risks clearly. Vulnerability scanning and vulnerability management are included in this. In the event of a data breach, organizations need a structured framework for dealing with risks.
This is often referred to as cyber risk quantification, and the aim is to identify and reduce the possible attack surface that a threat actor would have access to in the case of a breach. Many organizations compile action plans detailing exactly what actions should be taken in the event of a breach. An example of this would be how to isolate network segments based on where a breach has occurred. And finally, these policy directives will also detail what the post-breach investigation should achieve and how the postmortem should be documented.
How to implement a Cyber Security Framework
A policy that deviates from the existing norm must begin with the planning phase. Organizations need to identify goals, benefits, and risks that might be involved in such an endeavor. These risks might not always be as obvious as budgetary limitations or lack of institutional knowledge, for example. It, therefore the crucial first step in any project.
The next step is for organizations to develop a detailed framework profile. No two organizations will have identical cyber security frameworks. It is generally advisable that the framework addresses areas based on their associated perceived threat level to the organization. This way, various policies can be applied where they are necessary.
As soon as the policy framework has been developed and realistic cyber security risks have been defined, the organization can begin implementing the policies. The natural starting point will be to score the current environment based on the policy that was designed. By scoring all categories, the organization will be able to demonstrate to key stakeholders the security threats to its operations, assets, and personnel. Vulnerabilities and threats should be clearly defined at this stage.
After generating a holistic view of the actual situation, the organization will determine what steps it will take to improve. After consulting with all stakeholders, these measures are prioritized. Specific project requirements, funding constraints, and workforce numbers may impact the organization’s strategy.
The action plan’s implementation is not the end of the process.
Cyber Security Frameworks should be assessed regularly to monitor their success, and goals should be re-evaluated regularly to ensure they are addressing the changing landscape of the cyber security sector.
This should include an ongoing iteration and validation process with key decision makers. To reap the most benefits, you must fine-tune the implementation process and further tailor it to the needs of the organization.
A cyber security framework is critical when dealing with your business’s cybercrime threat. Measuring the success of your cyber security activities becomes incredibly difficult without clear goals in place and an understanding of risk tolerance levels. By customizing the NIST Cyber Security Framework for your organization, you are putting it on the best route to successfully combating cybercrime and preventing unauthorized access to sensitive business data.
The framework needs to be as holistic as possible for it to be effective. Secondly, employees must be trained about the importance of adhering to the framework. Many organizations turn to Industry specialists who can guide them in the personalized development of these frameworks.
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