5 Must-Have Skills And Tools For A Cyber Security Expert

5 Must Have Skills And Tools For A Cyber Security Expert
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Being a cybersecurity expert is a promising career as it’s now an in-demand job. Many businesses, small or big, now require cybersecurity measures to protect their businesses from cybercriminals. That’s why this can be a lucrative job if you’re adept at preventing or solving cybersecurity breaches.

The catch is that many talents are into cybersecurity, making it hard to find clients or employers. If you want to work with large companies, then you may develop the following skills and master certain tools:

1. Critical Thinking

The first is to have solid critical thinking skills. You can use this skill to defend or anticipate external and internal cybersecurity threats. There are many challenges in the cybersecurity field which require the following critical thinking abilities:

  • Clearly explain the required process to your superiors, including the progress, plans, and options for the threats.
  • Evaluate alternatives to cybersecurity measures, including technology recovery and prevention plans.
  • Analyze cybersecurity problems and respond to them well.
  • Adapt to technological changes.
  • Integrate and identify the latest security intelligence.
  • Apply algorithmic and quantitative skills.
  • Be able to think one step ahead of the competition and potential cybercriminals.

Moreover, you must know how to apply these abilities in a logical, effective, and speedy manner.

2. Strong Technical Knowledge Base

To be an efficient cybersecurity expert, you must have a good grasp of how technology systems work. This is the main skill to ensure success in your career. In summary, you need the following technical skills:

  • Conceptual Technical Knowledge: Basically, this refers to theoretical knowledge that can help you navigate your way through the basic processes and methods of cybersecurity. This includes being familiar with the Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) model and knowing how to code.

Thus, you may have to learn or read things related to cybersecurity and information technology (in general) to enhance or develop your technical knowledge. If possible, you can enroll in classes that can educate you on the concept of cybersecurity. You can also listen to podcasts like MITRE ATT&CK evaluations which you can check when you visit this page. This is where you can listen to how security products can withstand cybersecurity attacks.

  • Practical, Hands-On Technical Skills: This category refers to actual performance and experience in cybersecurity tasks. This includes the ability to install a firewall, conduct penetration tests, or configure a network. However, this depends on the type of cybersecurity job you have.

5 Must-Have Skills And Tools For A Cyber Security Expert

3. Soft Skills

While technical skills are vital, you can never become a highly-sought-after cybersecurity expert without strong interpersonal skills such as the following:

  • Attention To Detail: You must have great attention to detail to quickly identify and interpret suspicious activities. While some may not pose a threat, most small indicators can cause havoc to a network or system. Thus, you must always be keen on these signs.
  • Curiosity: If you think you have all the skills to address cybersecurity issues, then you shouldn’t stop there. You must have the yearning to learn more because cyber threats are constantly evolving. Hackers and cybercriminals are also coming up with new ways to game the system over time. What you may know now may become obsolete after five to 10 years. That’s why you should be curious about improving your technical skills and try to stay updated about the field to be a better cybersecurity expert.
  • Communication Skills: Since threats can affect everyone in the system, you must know how to coordinate and communicate a response to an ongoing cyber threat. You may have to present solutions to the management after documenting them. Moreover, if you have excellent communication skills, you may facilitate training co-workers and industry leaders on how to beef up their cybersecurity measures.

4. Coding

As mentioned, coding or programming is also a vital skill if you want to be a cybersecurity expert. You must understand JavaScript, HTML, and other scripting or coding languages. That way, you can learn how cybercriminals exploit websites and applications. You may even use this to create apps or websites that have high levels of security. Understanding a programming language will also help you spot vulnerabilities within the program or system.

With coding, you can have an advantage over your competitors to land a higher-level job. This may include penetration testing or other software engineering analysis. You may learn what digital evidence is left to understand how a hacker breached a system or network when there’s a threat. All of which requires an understanding of the language the cybercriminals use.

5. Strong Cyber Security Tools

To enhance your skills, you also need to use various tools. These instruments or software will help you work faster and efficiently. Some are available for free, while others could be costly. Such tools will help you in the following:

  • You may use software for vulnerability scanners, mainly for penetration testing and vulnerability assessments. With such, you can identify malicious attacks in the future.
  • Some tools are helpful for analysis, software protocol development, and troubleshooting. They can help you decrypt various encryption protocols as well.
  • To prevent hacking or hijack your system, you may want to use encrypting tools for your traffic.
  • You can also use tools to help you scan for harmful, outdated software installations, misconfigurations, and files. That way, you can scan available web servers using anti-IDS plugins to avoid being labeled as intrusive.


While technological advancements have made life easier for many, it comes with weak areas that could allow hackers and cybercriminals to steal or harm other people’s data. They can access someone else’s system or network and use the stolen information for malicious activities. These rampant threats have done cybersecurity jobs in demand. Many companies will pay high for experts to keep their system or network security. But before landing a good-paying position in this field, you must take the time to improve technical knowledge and cultivate useful skills.


Thank you for reading!